The Himalayas are one of the youngest mountain ranges on earth.
The Andes and the Rocky mountains are similarly old.
Here is some information as to the origins:
Around 80 million years ago in the Late Cretaceous period, the Indian Plate was about 6.400 km south of Asia. Moving at a speed of almost 9 metres a century northwards, it finally collided with the Eurasian Plate in the Paleogeneabout 40 to 50 million years ago.
(The Paleogene: 65.5 to 23.03 million years ago and the Neogene used to be part of the so called Tertiary System.) The term “Tertiary” is no longer used by the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS).
Since that time, the Indian Plate has been pursuing its northerly journey at half speed and continues to do so.
The collision with the Eurasian Plate and the halving of speed that went along with it started the upheaval of the Himalayas. Erosion counteracts the upward movement of the mountain range.
The Himalayas Range is of major importance for the climate of the Indian Subcontinent and the Tibetan Plateau.
It prevents the cold, dry arctic winds from penetrating to the south to India, so that southern Asia is much warmer than regions on other continents sharing the same latitude.
At the same time, it constitutes a barrier against the southerly monsoon winds which provide the Indian Subcontinent with rain.
It is supposed that the Himalayas played an important part in the evolution of Central Asian deserts like the Taklaman Desert and the Gobi Desert.
This satellite picture map gives us a wonderful geographical survey of one of the most interesting scenic regions on earth: the Himalayas with the Tibetan Plateau, Karakoram, Hindukush, Kunlun Mountains, and Tarim Basin.
Despite the small scale, all the important mountain ranges and even single peaks are visible.
All the eight thousanders and a selection of other important mountains are named and exactly pointed out with an arrow.
This is a beautiful and informative wall map for those who have made a journey to the roof of the world, those who are planning such a journey, and those who are just dreaming of one.
An area of 3600 x 2020 km is reproduced in a picture measuring 90 x 50, 5 cm. That is a scale of 1: 4 000 000
Poster format: 100 x 70 cm on 200g coated paper.